Follow these nine tips and you’ll always be ready to capture stunning, unexpected outdoor moments of the sort that might inspire others to preserve nature.
1. Shoot when the light is right
Your best, most effortless captures will happen in the “golden hours” just after dawn and just before dusk, when the low-angled sun bathes everything in gentle, golden hues. Determine when the golden hours are each day, as they vary by season and latitude. Overcast days are nice, as cloud cover dampens the sun’s rays, providing soft, even lighting. Just after a light rain is a good time to shoot landscapes for extra bold colors and stirring close-ups of droplets on petals.
2. Play with distance
When stuck with a boring, poorly lit, or overly distracting background, get close and let your subject dominate the frame. But always keep a safe distance from wildlife. For dynamic action shots, back up to a medium distance, just enough to get your subject’s full height into the frame. To showcase a spectacular background, try backing up even more and using a person, animal, or object in the middle distance to create a sense of grand scale.
3. Consider composition
The placement of your subject within the frame can have a dramatic effect on the look and feel of your photo. For horizontally composed photos, follow the “rule of thirds.” Imagine that your photo is divided, tic-tac-toe style, into 9 equal parts. Place your subject and other points of interest at the points where these dividing lines intersect, and your horizon on one of the two horizontal axes.
4. Consider height
Shoot your subject from eye level for a more inviting shot. For a commanding feel, trying shooting from a bit lower.
5. Take an absurd number of shots
You rarely get the shot you want on the first try, especially when your subject is alive and moving. Shoot a rapid series so you can go back later and pick out the best.
6. Invest in a tripod
Your hands will never be as steady as the ground beneath your feet.
7. Focus! Or not
Make sure your subject is in focus by tapping it on the screen before you shoot. Experiment with bokeh, or “artful blurring.” Hold your finger on your viewfinder for a sec to lock a point of focus (pick something far away for a blurred foreground, extremely close for a blurred background), then shoot away for gauzy, dreamlike textures.
8. Pan to capture moving subjects
To pan, steady your phone with both hands, frame your subject, and move your phone at the same speed as your subject to keep it centered as you shoot. The result should be a crisp subject with a beautiful, motion-blurred background.
9. Perfect your shots with photo editing apps
We like Snapseed, VSCO Cam, and Afterlight. If you’re willing to spend a few bucks, you might try ProCamera or Camera+. In VSCO, try minor adjustments to contrast, brightness, and sharpness before applying filters. Remember to adjust filter strength! In Snapseed, tweak structure and sharpness in the “Details” tab then finish by adjusting contrast, brightness, saturation, and ambience in the “Tune Image” tab. Subtlety is key. Your goal should be to create the impression that you haven’t adjusted anything at all...
Source: The Student Conservation Association: thesca.org. The SCA is America’s conservation corps. Its members protect and restore national parks, marine sanctuaries, cultural landmarks, and community green spaces in all 50 states. Tag your photos @the_sca on Instagram.